Curriculum
Curriculum Guidelines
Kindergarten Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Phonics
 Choral reading
 Listening to literature, music, poetry
 Nursery rhymes, fairy tales, fables
 Social listening
 Constructing visual images while listening
 Oral communication skills
 Role play
 Following and giving directions
 Organizing ideas
 Experience stories
 Relating events and experiences using complete sentences
 Listening for correct speech habits and word usage
Mathematics
 Simple counting to 100
 Onetoone relationship
 Concepts of more than , less than, same
 Sequence of events
 Correspondence of quantities
 Numbers  numeral relationship
 Recognition of basic sets
 Meaning of addition and subtraction
 Introduction to number line
 Elementary geometry (shapes)
Science
 Observation of everyday, familiar things
 Common animals and plants
 The sun: our principal source of energy
 Weather and Seasons
 Temperature
 Light
 Colors
 Senses
Health and Physical Education
 Personal hygiene
 Good eating habits
 Good grooming
 Care of teeth
 Major body parts
 Physical fitness
 Safety to and from school
Grade One Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Reading
 Phonetic analysis
 Structural analysis
 Establishing sight vocabulary
 Reading informally: names, labels, signs
 Creating stories and poems
 Telling favorite stories
 Organizing ideas and impressions
 Presenting information orally, in sequence and with clarity
 Discussion skills: taking part in group discussion
 Beginning spelling
 Beginning grammar: nouns, verbs, adjectives
 Introduction to punctuation and capitalization
Mathematics
 Counting and writing to 100
 Counting by 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s
 Simple number patterns
 Using 10 as a basic unit
 Simple properties of zero
 Beginning addition and subtraction facts
 Numberline use
 Place value and numeration
 Concepts of quantity and size
 Using 1/2 and 1/4 appropriately
 Geometric patterns and figures
 Basic customary and metric measurement
 Recognizing time: clock and calendar
 Solving simple word problems
 Basic chart and graph concepts
Science
 All about Animals
 All about Plants
 Environments for Living things
 Places to Live
 Our Earth
 Natural Resources
 Weather
 Seasons
 Objects in the Sky
 All about Matter
 Heat, Light, and Sound
 Motion
Grade Two Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Reading silently for purpose
 Use and meaning of quotation marks in reading
 Story development: beginning, middle and Listening skills
 Organizing ideas and impressions
 Vocabulary development
 Ways to study spelling
 Simple punctuation and capitalization
 Writing independently
 Brief and simple letters and journals
 Narration, description, letters, poetry
Mathematics
 Counting, reading, writing to 1,000
 Counting by 2's, 3's, 4's, 5's, and 10's
 Addition and subtraction facts
 Basic multiplication and division facts
 Place value through 100's
 Basic concept of probability
 Geometry: Plane Shapes and solid Figures
 Common customary and metric measures of time, weight, length, volume, shape, temperature
 Telling time and using the calendar
 Problem solving
 Charts and graphs
Science
 Living things and their environment
 Living and Non living Things
 Plants
 Observing and Classifying Matter
 Changes in Matter
 Sound
 Motion
 The Solar System
 Natural Resources
 Weather
 Exploring Earth’s Surface
 Light and Heat
Grade Three Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Silent reading
 Reading poetry aloud
 Oral presentations
 Alphabetizing through the third letter of a word
 Dictionary skills
 Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms
 Spelling
 Beginning cursive writing
 Concept of paragraph
 Using period, comma, question mark, apostrophe, quotation marks
 Writing short, original stories and poems
 Grammar
Mathematics
 Reading and writing numbers to 5 places
 Rounding numbers
 Simple fractions and equivalents
 Numeration systems
 Addition and subtraction facts
 Multiplication and division facts
 Perimeter, area, volume
 Geometric constructions
 Similar and congruent figures
 Properties of solid figures
 Customary and metric measurement
 Problemssolving analysis
 Word problems
 Charts and graphs
Science
 Types of Living Things
 Where living Things are found
 Conserving Resources
 Types of Animals
 Types of Plants
 Living Things Depend on Another
 Electricity and Magnets
 Energy
 Forces that shape the land
 Work and Machines
 Minerals and Rocks
 Heat, Light, and Sound
 Forces and Motion
 The Water Cycle
 Earth’s Place in the Solar System
Grade Four Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Silent and oral reading
 Choral reading
 Listening skills
 Making and accepting simple social introductions
 Summarizing simple information
 Listening to literature
 Short stories, chapter books, poetry, plays
 Spelling
 Increasing dictionary skills
 Simple outlining
 Writing letters and informal notes
 Written and oral book reports
 Creative writing
Mathematics
 Reading and writing numbers
 Prime numbers less than 100
 Prime factoring
 Subsets
 Decimal and fraction equivalents
 Addition and subtraction facts
 Multiplication and division facts to 144
 1, 2, and 3digit multiplication problems
 2 and 3digit dividend, 1digit divisor problems
 Meaning of mixed numbers
 Finding simple averages
 Geometric concepts
 Customary and metric measurement
 Time to the second
 Problemsolving methods
 Charts and graphs
Science
 Classifying Living Things
 Life Cycles
 Adaptations
 Understanding Ecosystems
 Energy Transfer in Ecosystem
 The Rock Cycle
 The Water Cycle
 Planets
 Matter and Its Properties
 Changes in Matter
 Sound
 Light and Heat
 Forces and Motion
 Simple Machines
 Making and Using Electricity
 Changes to Earth’s Surface
Grade Five Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Silent and oral reading
 Types of literature
 Presenting original plays
 Listening skills
 Dictionary use for word meaning, analysis, spelling
 Homophones and homographs
 Synonyms and antonyms
 Using a thesaurus
 Spelling
 Plurals and possessives
 Kinds of sentences
 Parts of sentences
 Paragraph writing
 Writing letters, stories, reports, poems, plays
 Preparing a simple bibliography
 Proofreading skills
 Parts of a newspaper
 Using study materials: keys, tables, graphs, charts, legends, library catalogs, index, table of contents, reference materials, maps
Mathematics
 Reading and writing numbers to 10 places
 Mixed numbers
 Numeration systems
 Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division of whole numbers
 Fundamental processes: whole numbers and common fractions
 Common and decimal fractions
 Decimals to the thousandths
 Ratio and percent
 Exponents
 Customary and metric measurements
 Extension of geometric concepts
 Word problems in daily life
 Charts and graphs: picture, bar, line, and circle graphs
Science
 Cells to Body Systems
 Classifying Living Things
 Animal Growth and Heredity
 Plant Growth and Reproduction
 Energy and Ecosystems
 The Rock cycle
 Ecosystems and Change
 Fossils
 Changes to Earth’s Surface
 Motion
 Forces
 Sound and Light
 Electricity
 Energy
 Properties of Matter
 Earth, Moon, and Beyond
 Earth’s Ocean
 Weather and the Water Cycle
 Using Resources
Grade Six Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Reading silently and skimming
 Critical reading skills
 Types of literature
 Lyric, narrative, dramatic poetry
 Listening skills
 Nonverbal communication
 Extending dictionary skills
 Vocabulary building
 Homonyms, synonyms, antonyms
 Using roots, prefixes, and suffixes
 Spelling
 Concepts of noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb
 Sentence structure
 Diagramming sentences
 Types of writing: narration, description, exposition, persuasion
 Simple note taking
 Writing outlines, letters, factual matter (reports, newspaper articles), verse (limericks, ballads), creative prose (diary, stories)
 Bibliography building
 Using reference books and indexes
 Using online information services, CDROM's, and other electronic reference materials
Mathematics
 Exponents
 Operation of powers
 Set of the integers
 Fundamental operations with fractions, and decimals
 Fundamental operations with compound denominate numbers
 Multiplying and dividing common fractions and mixed numbers
 Relationship between common and decimal fractions
 Problems in percent
 Properties, identification, and construction of geometric figures
 Identification and measurement of angles
 Concepts of similarity, congruence, and symmetry
 Scale drawings
 Customary and metric measurement
 Problem analysis
 Interpreting graphs
 Concepts of averaging and sampling
Science
 Cells, Reproduction, and Heredity
 Classifying Living things
 Plants and Plant Growth
 Ecosystems
 Resources in Ecosystems
 Changes to Earth’s Surface
 Earth’s Rocks
 Fossils
 The Water Planet
 Earth’s Weather Patterns
 The Universe Near and Far
 Atoms and Elements
 Matter and How it Changes
 Energy
 Heat and Electricity
 Forces and Motion
 Work and Simple Machines
Grade Seven Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Improving reading skills
 Literary terms
 Novels, short stories, plays
 Myths, legends, ballads
 Types of poetry
 Planning and producing dramatizations
 Speech activities
 Listening skills
 Refining dictionary skills
 Spelling
 Parts of speech
 Person, number, gender of nouns and pronouns
 Punctuation of conversation
 Clauses and phrases
 Compound sentences
 Writing descriptions, reports, journals, and letters
 Note taking and outlining
 Extending reference skills: atlases, directories, encyclopedias, periodicals, online information services, CDROMs, and other electronic reference material
 Library organization
Mathematics
 Prime and composite numbers
 Square root
 Order of operations
 Absolute value
 Inequalities
 Rational numbers and fractions
 Ratio, proportion, percent
 Finite, infinite, and empty sets
 Basic geometry concepts and terms
 Development and use of formulas
Science
 Scientific classification
 The cell
 Heredity and genetics
 Effects of weather and climate
 Properties and uses of water
 Atmosphere
 Air pressure
 Rocks, soil, and minerals
 Ecology and environment
 Conservation
 Heat and temperature
 Laws of motion
 Energy
 Scientific method
 Laboratory techniques and safety
Grade Eight Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Independent reading
 Literal, inferential, and evaluative reading skills
 Literary terms
 Novel, short story, narrative poetry
 Nonfiction
 Creative dramatics
 Listening and speech activities
 Advanced dictionary work
 Extended vocabulary
 Figures of speech
 Spelling
 Infinitive, participle, gerund, predicate nominative, predicate adjective, direct and indirect object
 Kinds of sentences and their parts
 Functions of sentence elements
 Reportwriting skills
 Improving skills in using basic reference sources
 Inductive and deductive reasoning
Mathematics
 Maintaining skills in fundamental operations
 Factoring and products
 Using fractions and decimals
 Ratio, proportion, and percent
 Equalities and inequalities
 Simple formulas and equations
 Graphing an equation
 Powers and roots of rational numbers
 Polynomials
 Triangles
 Pythagorean Theorem
 Scale drawing
 Righttriangle trigonometry
Science
 Scientific method
 Scientific nomenclature
 Scientific measurement
 Ecology and environment
 Conservation
 Composition of the earth
 Ocean, atmosphere
 Weather
 Water and its uses
 Weathering and erosion
 Recycling of resources
 Magnetism and electricity
 Heat and light
 Forces in liquids and gases
 Wave, mechanical, electrical, and nuclear energy
 The earth's movement
 Newton's three laws of motion
 The atom
 Periodic table of elements
 Compounds and mixtures
 Chemical changes
Grade Nine Curriculum Guide
Language Arts
 Evaluating material for accuracy
 Reading the newspaper
 Analyzing poetry
 Dramatic poetry
 Using poetry anthologies
 Novel and short story
 Folklore and myths
 Structure of a play
 Interpretation of literature
 Listening skills
 Effective discussion techniques and questioning skills
 Preparing a speech
 Public speaking and debate
 Vocabulary
 Grammar
 Fundamentals of composition
 Report writing
 Extended reference skills
Mathematics
Algebra 1
 Absolute value
 Properties of polynomial forms
 Equations
 Signed numbers
 Fundamental operations
 Equations of the first and second degrees
 Ratio, proportion, variation
 Relations and functions
 Special products and factoring
 Fractions and rational equations
 Exponential and radical functions
 Square roots
 Radicals
 Quadratic equations
Geometry
 Polygons and quadrilaterals
 Similarity
 Right triangles and trigonometry
 Spatial reasoning
 Extending perimeter, circumference, and area
Science
 Weather and climate
 Air and air pressure
 Air masses and fronts
 Water and its uses
 Air and water pollution
 Heats and fuels
 Electricity and electronics
 Solar and nuclear energy
 Nature and uses of light
 Simple and complex machines
 Atomic structure
 Chemistry of matter
 Molecular theory
 Nature and use of chemicals
 Metals and plastics
 Space travel
 Nature and causes of disease
Grade Ten Curriculum Guide
Mathematics
Algebra 2: Holt
 Foundation for Functions
 Linear Functions and Inequalities
 Exponents
 Square Roots
 Absolute Value Functions
 Linear Systems of Equations and Inequalities
 Matrices
 Quadratic Functions
 Complex Numbers
 Polynomial functions
 Rational and Radical Functions
 Probability and Statistics
 Trigonometry
Science
Chemistry
 The Science of Chemistry
 Matter and Energy
 Atoms and Moles
 The Periodic Table
 Ions and IONIC Compounds
 Covalent Compounds
 The Mote and Chemical Composition
 Chemical Equation and Reactions
Physics
 The Science of Physics
 Heat
 Vibration and Waves
 Sound
 Light and Reflection
 Electricity
 Refraction
 Interference and Diffraction
Biology
 Biology and You
 Classification
 Bacteria and Viruses
 Protists
 Fungi
 Plant Diversity and Life Cycles
 Seed Palnt Structure and Growth
 Plant Processes
 Introduction to Animals
 Simple Invertebrates
 Mollusks and Annelids
 Arthropods and Echinoderms
 Fishes and Amphibians
 Reptiles and Birds
Curriculum Details
Introduction
The K  12 curriculum in RAKAAG brings lessons to life with a rich mixture of online and offline teaching tools, including interactive animations, awardwinning printed books with beautiful illustrations and narrative, original CDs and videos, and materials for handson experiments. In addition, lesson plans for each subject are integrated, so your child may be reading literature from the same time period as the art or history lesson he or she is studying.
Lessons are followed by assessments, so you can be sure that your child has mastered a particular area before moving on. Our individualized approach means your child can go as fast or slow as needed. The oral and written assessments are integrated with the planning and progress tools, making it easy to find the right pace by subject and to stay on track.
1) Language Arts / English
K  11 Language Arts/English helps students develop important reading and writing skills, while also inspiring a love of literature. Combining phonics, literature, language skills, and spelling lessons, the Language Arts/English program emphasizes classic works, teaches writing as a process, and prepares students for standardized tests in the areas of language skills and reading comprehension. Younger children learn the basics of phonics and grammar and prepare for reading through systematic, multisensory activities, while older students develop literary analysis and comprehension skills by reading novels and nonfiction works.
Level – K
Phonics
Phonics Works prepares your student to become an independent reader through systematic, multisensory instruction in phonemic awareness and letter/sound knowledge, using a kit of magnetized letter tiles and a variety of games and activities.
Literature
Plenty of readaloud literature kindles the imagination while building comprehension and vocabulary. The emphasis is on classic literature—fairy tales, fables, folktales, poems—including many works that embody exemplary virtues, such as First Day At School, We like School, I have a Pal, The Big Carrot, Little Red Hen Bakes a Cake, In the hot summer, and others.
Materials
 Theme Books – Student’s Editions – Harcourt
 Pre decodable / Decodable Books – Student’s Edition – Harcourt
 Independent Readers – Student’s Edition  Harcourt
 Teacher’s Big Book
 CD Rom
 Handwriting Sheets of paper
 Magnet Board & Magnet Alphabets
 Flash Cards
 Clay Dough
 Rhymes Original CD
Total Lessons : 120 Lesson Time : 60 minutes
Grade One
Phonics
Using magnetized letter tiles and multisensory activities, the Phonics workbook along with the spelling book programs build decoding skills and helps students become confident, independent readers and spellers.
Language Skills
 Public Speaking — Reciting a poem or reading a literary passage helps students learn to address a group confidently.
 Writing & Journals — Students progress from writing words and sentences to writing a paragraph.
Literature
Literature lessons focus on classic folktales, fairy tales, fables, and poetry, such as “The Hat,” “Sam and The Bag,” and “Boots for Beth.” Readaloud and guided reading lessons help students apply and extend the skills introduced in Phonics. Students develop testtaking and criticalthinking skills as they connect words and ideas.
Materials
 Guess Who – Harcourt
 Catch a Dream – Harcourt
 Here And There – Harcourt
 Practice Book – Harcourt
 Spelling Practice Book – Harcourt
 Phonics Book – Harcourt
 Teacher’s Resources Kit which includes: The Big Book , Flash Cards, and CDs
Total Lessons : 286 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Two
Language Skills
 Composition—Students practice writing as a process: prewriting, writing a draft, revising, and proofreading.
 Language Handbook—Students learn basic rules of sentences, statements and questions, commands, nouns, plurals, and more.
 Vocabulary—“Just for You” provides practice in word study skills, reading comprehension, and word analysis.
 Trophies—Students develop testtaking and criticalthinking skills as they connect words and ideas.
 Public Speaking—reciting a poem or reading a literary passage helps students address a group confidently.
 Spelling—Students learn to understand soundsymbol relationships and patterns.
Literature
Guided reading lessons offer new challenges: greater length, more complex content, and new vocabulary. The emphasis is on classic literature that embodies exemplary virtues, including, “The Mixed Up Chameleon,”, “Lemonade For sale”, “Hedgehog Bakes A Cake”, and “Helping Out.” Readings also include nonfiction works.
Materials
 Just For You – Harcourt – Volume One
 Practice Book – Harcourt – Volume One
 Phonics Practice Book – Harcourt
 Spelling Practice Book – Harcourt
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Big Book , Flash Cards, and CDs
Total Lessons : 286 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Three
Language Skills
 Composition — Students practice writing as a process, as they write a narrative, a report, letters, poetry, and more.
 Language Handbook — Students learn about sentence structure, parts of speech, research skills, and more.
 Primary Trophies — Students develop testtaking and criticalthinking skills as they connect words and ideas.
 Spelling—Through weekly word lists, students learn relationships between sounds and spellings.
 Public Speaking—Students learn and use techniques for effective oral presentations.
Literature
Students develop literary analysis and comprehension skills. Students read works of nonfiction, and other selective stories such as “Officer Buckle and Gloria”, “Papa Tells Chita a Story”, “Little Grunt and the Big Egg”, “The Olympic Games where Heroes are made”, and more. A test preparation program prepares students for standardized tests
Materials
 Changing Pattern  Harcourt – Volume One
 Practice Book – Harcourt – Volume One
 Language Handbook – Harcourt – Volume One
 Spelling Practice Workbook – Harcourt
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Big Book , Flash Cards, CDs
Total Lessons : 286 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Four
Language Skills
 Composition—Students practice writing as a process (from planning to proofreading), as they write a report, a book review, a persuasive essay, poetry, a news article, and more.
 Language Handbook—Students learn more about sentence structure, parts of speech, punctuation, capitalization, and usage. They begin sentence analysis and diagramming.
 Spelling—Students understand soundsymbol relationships and spelling patterns, and recognize base words and roots in related words.
Literature
Students learn to identify and analyze literary elements such as character, plot, theme, and setting. The emphasis is on folktales, including “The Baker Neighbor”, “Sarah Plain and Tall”, “Red Writing Hood”; and classic literature from many lands. Students read works of nonfiction, including, “The Garden of Happiness”, “In the Days of King”. A test preparation program prepares students for standardized tests.
Materials
 Lead The Way – Harcourt
 Practice Book – Harcourt
 Language Handbook – Harcourt
 Spelling Practice Book – Harcourt
Total Lessons : 280 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Five
Language Skills
 Composition—Students practice writing, from planning to proofreading, as they write a memoir, an editorial, a research paper, a business letter, and more.
 Language Handbook—Students learn about parts of speech, punctuation, and research skills. They continue sentence analysis and diagramming.
 Spelling—Students learn soundsymbol relationships and spelling patterns, identify affixes and how they affect the meaning of words, and recognize base words and roots in related words.
Literature
Students analyze, compare, and creatively respond to a variety of works. The emphasis is on different works, including, “The Hot and Cold Summer “ , “Sees Behind Trees” , “Yang the Third and Her Impossible Family “ , “Iditarod Dream” , and more. Students will be practicing tests and different other activities.
Materials
 Distant Voyages – Harcourt
 Practice Book – Harcourt
 Language Handbook – Harcourt
 Vocabulary Workshop  Harcourt
 Spelling Practice Book – Harcourt
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Six  Nine
Composition
After an opening focus on paragraph writing, students write a variety of compositions in genres they will encounter throughout their academic careers, including: compareandcontrast, persuasive, howto, descriptive , narrative and research essays. In writing each essay, students go through a process of planning, organizing, and revising. They learn to examine their own writing with a critical eye, paying attention to ideas, organization, structure, style, and correctness. Throughout the course, students write in response to prompts similar to those they will encounter on standardized tests.
Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics
Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics offers practice in sentence analysis, sentence structure, and proper punctuation. Students learn to diagram sentences in order to understand how words, phrases, and clauses function in relation to each other. Frequent exercises and regular practice help students absorb the rules so they can confidently apply them in their own writing.
Vocabulary
The Vocabulary program builds knowledge of Greek and Latin words that form the roots of many English words, especially the polysyllabic terms that sometimes cause students to stumble. Students will define and use words with Greek and Latin roots, and use word origins and derivations to determine the meaning of new words, as they increase their own vocabularies and develop valuable testtaking skills.
Literature
Students will read short stories, poetry, drama, novels, essays, and informative articles. The course sharpens reading comprehension skills, engages readers in literary analysis, and offers a variety of literature to suit diverse tastes.
Through classic stories, plays, and poems, many of which highlight exemplary virtues, students develop reading and literary analysis skills while considering important human issues and challenging ideas. Students come to appreciate the writer’s craft as they consider the feelings, thoughts, and ideas of characters, and make connections between literature and life. Students also learn to read for information in nonfiction texts.
Materials
 The Holt Reader – Introductory , First ,Second, and Third courses – Holt
 Grammar, Usage , and Mechanics  Holt
 Vocabulary Workshop  Holt
 Spelling Lessons and Activities – Grades 6 – 8  Holt
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Teacher’s Book , Re teaching Workbook , Intervention Workbook , CDs
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Ten
Literature
The course book is mainly designed to motivate students to become selfdirected critical thinkers, collaborators and effective communicators. It emphasizes the communication and critical thinking skills that empower students to function effectively in a rapidly changing world. It also scaffolds instruction in analysis and critical thinking so that every student can succeed.
The student will develop reading skills necessary for word recognition, comprehension, interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and appreciation of the written text and development of the language.
Additionally, the course book helps students analyze content and concepts accurately; express ideas clearly and effectively in a variety of oral contexts, and to use cognitive strategies to evaluate texts critically. The rich resources that accompany the course book help provide clear paths to literacy and inspire realworld success for all students.
Writing
The path to student success in writing starts with focused instruction in writing that is modeled, practiced and applied. Students will be expected to take detailed notes during lessons, discussions and reading as this will help them write well organized, coherent essays.
Students will develop the structural and creative skills necessary to produce written language that can be read and interpreted by various audiences. Students will write frequently for a variety of purposes to cover narration, description, persuasion, exposition and personal or creative expression.
The student will use literature as a model for writing, recognize and demonstrate appropriate use of Standard English: usage, mechanics, spelling, and sentence structure. The student will also develop effectively organized writing containing strong voice, clear focus, and welldeveloped ideas, and demonstrate effective writing style by the use of vivid words, a variety of sentence constructions, and appropriate transitions.
Grammar, Usage and Mechanics
The "Grammar, Usage and Mechanics" workbook provides practice, reinforcement and extension for Elements of Language. It also provides focus on sentence structure, proper punctuation, capitalization, subjectverb agreement, paragraph structure, types of paragraphs and proofreading. The courses include paragraph and essay writing activities that develop skills and introduce students to the essay writing process from the prewriting to the revision stage.
The Language in Context worksheets include Choices worksheets, Proofreading Applications, Literary Model Worksheets, and Writing Applications.
Vocabulary
This comprehensive vocabulary program constitutes one of the best resources to prepare students for today's academic challenges.
Vocabulary Workshop is a solid foundation for the future. It helps students build their vocabularies and prepare for national and local standardized tests.
The lexical activities provide definitions, words in context, synonyms, antonyms, multiple meanings, word histories, and other interesting facts about vocabulary words. These activities are meant to help the student determine the meaning of new words, develop effective wordlearning strategies that include dictionary skills and other reference aids; to figure out the meanings of words in text from context clues and word parts such as prefixes, suffixes etc..
2) Mathematics
Building upon the success of a longestablished program, K11 Math balances mastery of fundamental skills with critical thinking and problemsolving. K–11 Math emphasizes an active, multisensory approach to ensure that students understand the concrete realities that underlie mathematical concepts. Regular practice and review ensures mastery of basic skills. Online games and animations motivate students and help illustrate concepts, while challenge problems help develop critical thinking skills. From helping younger students make the link between the concrete and the abstract to introducing older students to Algebra, K 
11 Math provides a thorough mathematic grounding.
Level  K
For beginning math students, a key to mathematical understanding is making the link between the concrete and the abstract—between physical models and written symbols. To create the bridge to ensure these links occur, students will be counting, combining, sorting, and comparing sets of objects. They will learn to recognize and describe simple patterns and recognize shapes and sizes of figures and objects. Students will also expand their ability to recognize numbers, identify their relative values, and understand how to use them in a variety of ways. To achieve this understanding
Students will:
 Use manipulative to understand the relationships between numbers and physical quantities.
 Apply their understanding of counting to money.
 Perform simple addition and subtraction using physical objects to model problems.
 Identify and complete patterns.
Materials
 Activity Book – Harcourt
 Practice workbook  Harcourt
 Multilink Cubes
 Game Spinner
 Math Pattern Blocks
 Math Attribute Blocks
 Geometric 3D Shapes
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 143 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade One
First grade math provides experiences to help students develop a formal understanding of numbers and mathematical concepts. Physical models still play a fundamental role in linking the realworld to symbolic expressions. Students will continue the development of sorting and patterning skills; learn basic addition and corresponding subtraction facts; recognize and describe twodimensional shapes; and build upon existing problem solving skills. Students will:
 Work with patterns and sequences.
 Practice addition and subtraction.
 Learn to tell time and count money.
 Identify place values to hundreds.
 Practice measuring length, capacity, and weight.
 Work with geometric shapes.
 Become familiar with the concept of symmetry.
 Solve problems using logical reasoning, drawings, and models.
 Begin to develop an understanding of probability and fractions
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Math Textbook, Grade 1 Harcourt
 Math Practice workbook, Grade 1  Harcourt
 Counting Chips
 Multilink Cubes
 Game Spinner
 Base 10 Cubes
 Base 10 Rods
 Geometric 3D Shapes
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 231 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Two
Second grade math students develop an understanding of mathematical operations, and use their understanding to solve problems and apply mathematical concepts to the world around them. Students will continue to deepen their understanding of number sense, place value, computation, estimation, measurement, and geometry.
Students will:
 Work with patterns and sequences.
 Add and subtract twodigit numbers using place value blocks.
 Solve word problems (including problems involving money and time).
 Study measurements of length, weight, and capacity in both metric and standard units.
 Begin to learn about fractions, geometry, and probability.
 Understand basic multiplication and division concepts.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Math Textbook, Grade 2 – Harcourt
 Math Practice workbook, grade 2  Harcourt
 Counting Chips
 Multilink Cubes
 Game Spinner
 Base 10 Cubes
 Base 10 Rods
 Geometric 3D Shapes
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 231 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Three
Third grade math students continue to develop computational skills in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, and solve problems involving more complex mathematical concepts. Students will continue using a variety of methods to solve problems and begin their study of probability as chance.
Students will:
 Work with larger numbers and decimals.
 Study place value and estimating using rounding.
 Develop calculation skills using place value blocks to understand addition, subtraction, and regrouping.
 Establish fluency with simple addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication number facts.
 Study the basics of probability.
 Use graphs and charts to understand how data can be represented visually.
 Learn more about the basics of geometry.
 Use strategies for solving word problems.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Math Textbook, Grade 3  Harcourt
 Math Practice Workbook, Grade 3  Harcourt
 Base 10 Blocks Set
 Geometric 3 – D Shape
 Colored Cubes
NOTE: List subject to change
Total Lessons : 231 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Four
Fourth grade math students sharpen their computational and problemsolving skills while applying mathematical concepts to realworld problems.
Students will:
 Continue to develop computational skills using larger numbers up to millions.
 Estimate sums and differences before finding exact solutions.
 Achieve rapid fluency with basic number facts.
 Through a proprietary, researchbased series of lessons, develop strategies for solving word problems that progress from simple addition problems to problems with complex data.
 Use geometry to determine perimeter, volume, and area in both standard and metric units.
 Develop researchbased intuitive understanding of fractions together with practical computational skills.
 Expand understanding of probability and its link to fractions.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Math Textbook, Grade 4 – Harcourt
 Math Practice Workbook, Grade 4  Harcourt
 Base 10 Blocks Deluxe Set
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Five
Fifth grade math students sharpen their computational and problemsolving skills while applying mathematical concepts to realworld problems.
Students will:
 Continue to develop computational skills using larger numbers up to millions.
 Estimate sums and differences before finding exact solutions.
 Develop concepts of ratio, proportion, and percent.
 Through a proprietary, researchbased series of lessons develop strategies for solving word problems that progress from simple addition problems to problems with complex data.
 Identify and apply characteristics of polygons and circles.
 Develop researchbased intuitive understanding of fractions together with practical computational skills.
 Expand understanding of probability and its link to fractions.
 Develop computational skills using decimals.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Math Textbook, Grade 5 – Harcourt
 Math Workbook, Grade 5 – Harcourt
 Teacher’s Kit: Teacher’s Resource
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Six
Students will gain an understanding of the properties of real numbers, solve linear equations, and use data analysis techniques.
In the first half of the Grade 6 Math course, students sharpen their computational and problemsolving skills while learning the language of Algebra.
Students will:
 Change word phrases and sentences into mathematical expressions and equations.
 Solve equations.
 Continue to develop computational skills using fractions and decimals.
 Study circles, polygons, and space figures.
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide positive and negative integers.
 Solve problems involving percents, ratios, and proportions.
 Draw graphs and compute statistics to communicate about data.
 Compute the probability of an event and combined events.
 Communicate strategies for solving word problems.
Materials
 Math Text Book, Grade 6 – Harcourt
 Math Practice Workbook, Grade 6 – Harcourt
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Teacher’s Book, Re teaching Workbook, Intervention Workbook, and Teacher’s Demonstration Models, and CDs
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Seven  Nine
The Algebra 1 program develops algebraic fluency by providing students with the skills needed to solve equations and perform important manipulations with numbers, variables, equations, and inequalities. Students also learn concepts central to the abstraction and generalization that algebra makes possible. Students who take Algebra 1 are expected to have mastered the skills and concepts presented in the Grade 5 – 6 Math Courses
Students will:
 Use number properties to simplify expressions or justify statements.
 Describe sets with set notation and find the union and intersection of sets.
 Simplify and evaluate expressions involving variables, fractions, exponents, and radicals.
 Work with integers, rational numbers, and irrational numbers.
 Graph and solve equations, inequalities, and systems of equations.
 Determine whether a relation is a function and describe the domain and range of a function.
 Use factoring, formulas, and other techniques to solve quadratic and other polynomial equations.
 Formulate and evaluate valid mathematical arguments using various types of reasoning.
 Translate word problems into mathematical equations, and then use the equations to solve the original problems.
 Radical and Rational equations
 Solve many types of realworld problems including those involving:
Cost and income Area Uniform motion Direct and inverse variation Right triangles
The program also provides supplemental modules on topics in geometry and probability and statistics.
Materials
 Algebra I Text Book , Grades 8 – 9, Holt
 Algebra I Practice Workbook , Grades 8 – 9, Holt
 Algebra 1 Book, Grade 7 – RAKAAG
 Algebra 1 Workbook, Grade 7  RAKAAG
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Teacher’s Book, Re teaching Workbook, Intervention Workbook, CDs
Key to Geometry offers a nonintimidating way to prepare students for formal geometry as they begin studying lines, angles, and triangles. Later on, students will study about parallel and perpendicular lines, congruence and similarity, Triangles, Relationships in Triangles, Quadrilaterals, and Right Triangles, Polygons, Solid Figures and Trigonometry
Materials
 Geometry , Grades 8 – 9 , Holt
 Geometry Workbook , Grades 8 – 9 , Holt
 Geometry  Grade 7  RAKAAG
 Geometry Workbook  Grade 7  RAKAAG
 Teacher’s Resources Kit: Includes; Teacher’s Book , Re teaching workbook . Inventory Workbook , and CD.
Total Lessons : 240 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Ten
Mathematics (from Greek word máthēma "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof.
Mathematics is used throughout the world as an essential tool in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, and the social sciences. Applied mathematics, the branch of mathematics concerned with application of mathematical knowledge to other fields, inspires and makes use of new mathematical discoveries and sometimes leads to the development of entirely new mathematical disciplines, such as statistics and game theory.
The following book is required for this course:
HOLT ALGEBRA 2 by Edward B. Burger, David J. Chard, Earlene J. Hall, Paul A. Kennedy, Steven J. Leinwand, Freddie L. Renfro, Dale G. Seymour and Bert K. Waits.
Outline of the Math syllabus:
1: Foundations for Functions
 Identify and use properties of real numbers.
 Classify and order real numbers.
 Identify the domain and range of relations and functions.
2: Linear Functions and Inequalities
 Evaluate and graph functions
 Solving linear equations by different methods.
 Determine whether the function is linear.
 Use slopeintercept form/point slope form to write linear functions.
 Graph linear inequalities on the coordinate plane.
 Solving problems using linear inequalities.
3: Exponents
 Properties of exponents.
 Simplify expressions involving exponents.
4: Square Roots
 Estimate square roots.
 Simplify, add, subtract, multiply and divide square roots.
5: Absolute value functions
 Solving Absolute value equations and inequalities.
 Graph and transform Absolute value functions.
6: Linear Systems of Equations and Inequalities
 Solving systems of equations by using graph and tables.
 Use Algebraic methods to solve linear system of equations (substitution/elimination method).
 Solving system of linear inequalities algebraically and graphically.
 Solving system of equations in three dimensions algebraically.
7: Matrices
 Use Matrices to display mathematical and real world data.
 Find sums, differences and scalar products of matrices.
 Understand the properties of matrices with respect to multiplication.
 Use matrices to transform a plane figure.
 Finding the Determinants of 2 x 2 and 3 x 3 Matrices.
 Use Cramer’s rule to solve system of linear equations.
 Determine whether a matrix has an inverse.
 Solve system of equations using inverse matrices.
8: Quadratic functions
 Define Identify and Graph Quadratic functions.
 Solving Quadratic Equations by factoring, graphing or by completing the squares.
 Determine a Quadratic function from its roots.
 Solving Quadratic Equations using Quadratic formula.
9: Complex Numbers
 Perform operations with complex numbers.
 Solving Quadratic equations with complex roots.
10: Polynomial functions
 Identify, evaluate, add and subtract polynomials.
 Use binomial expansions to expand binomial expressions that are raised to positive integer powers.
 Use long division and synthetic division to divide polynomials.
 Use the Factor Theorem to determine factors.
 Factor the sum and difference of two cubes.
 Use the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra to write a polynomial equation of least degree with given roots.
11: Rational and Radical Functions
 Solving problems involving direct, inverse, joint and combined variation.
 Multiplying and dividing rational expressions.
 Adding and subtracting rational expressions.
 Solving rational equations and Inequalities.
 Simplify and evaluate radical expressions.
 Solving radical equations and Inequalities.
12: Probability and Statistics
 Permutations and combinations
 Theoretical and experimental probability.
 Independent and dependant events.
 Compound events (mutually exclusive events and inclusive events).
 Measures of central tendency and variations.
 Binomial distribution (Binomial Theorem).
13: Trigonometry
 Right –angle Trigonometry.
 Angles of Rotation.
 The unit circle (degrees and radians).
 Inverses of Trigonometric functions.
 The Law of Sines.
 The Law of Cosines.
Teaching Hours: 6 per week
3) Science
K – 11 Science Reader program in RAKAAG is unique in offering real science for students. The program balances handson experience with systematic study of scientific terms and concepts. Students perform many experiments to help them understand scientific principles, and receive guided instruction in important scientific concepts. Exploring life, earth, and physical sciences in each grade, the science nurtures curiosity, analytical skills, and an appreciation of how the world is shaped by ongoing scientific and technological advances. Students learn about the human body, plants and animals, rocks and minerals, stars, matter, motion, and much more. Through handson experiments, the program helps students develop skills of observation and analysis, and learn how scientists understand our world.
Level K
Kindergarten students begin to develop observation skills as they learn about the five senses, the earth’s composition, and the basic needs of plants and animals. Students will explore topics such as:
 My Body—the five senses, major organs, and systems.
 Plants and Animals—needs and habitats
 Plants — All Around
 Matter — solid, liquid, and gas.
 The Seasonal Cycle—changing weather in the seasons.
 Our Earth—geographical features; taking care of the earth
 Motion — pushes and pulls; magnets; how objects look and feel
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Safety glasses
 Basic thermometer
 Bar magnets (pair)
 Magnifying glass
 Mirror
 Body Parts Modules
 Posters
Total Lessons : 33 Lesson Time : 45 minutes
Grade One
Students learn to perform experiments, record observations, and understand how scientists see the natural world. They germinate seeds to observe plant growth and make a weather vane.
Students will explore topics such as:
 Scientific Investigation—acting like a scientist.
 Matter—states of matter, mixtures, and solutions.
 Weather—cloud formation, the water cycle.
 Animal Classification and Adaptation—insects, amphibians and reptiles, birds, and mammals.
 Habitats—forests, deserts, rain forests, grasslands, and more.
 Oceans—waves and currents, and coasts.
 Light—how light travels; reflections; and more
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Science Reader – Grade One  Harcourt
 Bean and Grass seeds
 Directional compass
 Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
 Basic thermometer
 Plastic pipette
 Safety goggles and Magnifying glass
 Bar magnet (pair)
 Mirror
 Feathers
 Centimeter gram cubes and Primary balance
 Iron fillings
 Grade One Experimental Kit
Activities
Chapter/Topic 
Experiment/Activity 
Materials Used 



How Do We Use Our Senses 
Guess the fruit :Students use sense
of smell, touch, taste to guess the fruit while blindfolded 
Different types of fruits – bananas, apples, oranges 



Chapter 1: Living/Nonliving Things 
Poster : Students sort pictures of living/nonliving things 
poster paper, pictures cut out of magazines, scissors, glue 



Chapter 2: Plants 
Growing a plant – 2 seeds, 1 with light and water, the other with no light/no water, students predict which seed will grow; then observe parts of plants 
seeds, clear/colored plastic cups 



Chapter 2: How Can We Group Plants 
Poster: Students sort pictures of different types of plants into categories 
poster paper, pictures cut of magazines, scissors, glue 



Chapter 3: What is an Environment 
The Classroom Environment – Students count and record objects found in the classroom environment. 
Worksheet with a list of objects for students to count and record. 



Chapter 3: How Do Plants and Animals Need Each Other 
Building a birds nest – Students gathered plant materials from the school yard and assembled a birds nest with modeling clay 
Modeling clay 



Chapter 4: What Lives in a Desert 
Recreating the stem of a cactus – students wet a sponge and cover it with wax paper to recreate the stem of a cactus 
sponge, wax paper, water 



Chapter 4: What Lives in a Desert 
Dissecting a Cactus: Students /teacher cut small slits into the stem of a cactus plant to observe what’s inside 
cactus plant, x acto knife 



Chapter 4: What Lives in an Ocean 
Ocean Diorama – students recreate the ocean environment in a box 
box, card board, string, pictures of fishes, markers 



Chapter 5: What Are Some Kinds Of Water 
Lift the Flap book – students make a lifttheflap book showing different types of water forms 
Cardstock paper, pictures of water forms, markers, scissors, glue 



Chapter 5: How Does the Earth Change 
Erosion Experiment – students pour water down a mound of soil and
observe how the water deforms the soil

soil, tray, water container, water 



Chapter 7: Weather 
Weather Poster : Students sort pictures related to different types of weather 
poster paper, pictures cut of magazines, scissors, glue 



Chapter 7: Measuring weather 
Measuring temperature : Students measure the temperature indoors and outdoors and record results 
thermometers, worksheet for students to record results 



Chapter 7: Measuring Wind 
Making a wind sock : Students make a wind sock and use it to measure wind direction 
cardboard, crepe paper, string, markers, stapler 



Chapter 7: What Makes Clouds and Rain 
Water condensation/evaporation experiment: Students pour hot water into a jar, cover with lid and observe how water evaporates then condenses; next, students pour cold water over the lid and observe how water droplets form and fall. 
glass jar with lid, hot water, cold water 
Total Lessons : 132 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Two
Students perform experiments to develop skills of observation and analysis, and learn how scientists understand our world. They demonstrate how pulleys lift heavy objects, make a temporary magnet and test its strength, and analyze the parts of a flower. Students will explore topics such as:
 Metric System—liters and kilograms, and how scientists use them
 Force—motion and simple machines; physicist Isaac Newton
 Magnetism—magnetic poles and fields; how a compass works
 Sound—how sounds are made; inventor Alexander Graham Bell
 Human Body—cells; the digestive system
 Geology—layers of the earth, kinds of rocks, and weathering.
 Life Cycles—plants and animals
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Science Reader – Grade 2 – Harcourt
 Bean and Grass seeds
 Directional compass
 Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
 Primary rock and mineral kit
 Basic thermometer
 Plastic pipette
 Safety goggles and Magnifying glass
 Centimeter gram cubes
 Primary balance
 Iron filings and Bar magnets
 Latch magnet , Ring magnet , and Horseshoe magnet
 10 Newton Spring Scale
 Pulley
 Grade Two Experimental Kit
Activities
Theme 
Activities / Experiments 
Living and Nonliving Things 
Posters with pictures of living and nonliving things.
Discovery Walk in the school to observe Living and nonliving things/ Once back to class; record the things seen on a chart.
Discuss (rocks, pencils, balls/ plants, people etc.)
Power point presentations

Animals 
Power point presentations on the various groups of animals: their body coverings, some characteristics that are used to group them.
Power point presentations that sequence the life cycle of cats, frogs and other animals.
Making a flip book where the stages of growth of one’s favorite animal are drawn and illustrated.

Plants 
Drawing the different parts of a plant and labeling them.
Power point presentations identifying the parts of a plant and describing their structural characteristics.
Using magnifiers to observe how leaves are alike and different and recording the findings.
Planting a bean in a small container, watering the soil and observing the germination and growth of the bean.

Living Things in Their Environments 
Power point presentations on different animal environments.
Posters on how living things adapt to their environments in order to survive.
Posters on food webs showing the interdependency of plants and animals.

Exploring Earth Surface 
*Experiment: How land shapes change.
Observe the size big grains of rock salt by means of a hand lens, add sand and water, shake the jar then remove the rock salt to observe how the it has changed.
* Experiment: Scratching different types of rock with the finger nail, a penny and a paper clip and draw conclusions about the hardness of rocks.
* Experiment: making fossils of leaves and shells by means of play dough and using tools to gently uncover them.
*Making a volcano with colored paper showing the hole in the Earth’s surface and the lava that comes out.

Natural Resources 
Power point presentations on the ways natural resources are used.
Power point presentations on causes and effects of pollution.
Power point presentations on making something useful from used things: Reuse, Reduce and Recycle.
In class Activity: Reusing egg boxes, cereal containers into more useful things (pencil cases, small bags, decorative items etc.
Making models showing water pollution, oil spills from ships and dead fish.

Weather 
Making charts on changes in weather.
Power point presentations on how the weather changes from season to season.
Power point presentations on tools used to measure weather.
Discovery walks outside the class to observe the weather and how it changes over time. / Recording the observations on a chart. Making a model of a drought using play dough.

The Solar System 
Power point presentations on the Solar system, the stars, and the moon.
Experiment: Stars and Light ( Why the “stars” look different with the lights on and with the lights off.
Making of a model of the Solar system using balls made of foil.

Total Lessons : 132 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Three
Students learn to observe and analyze through handson experiments, and gain further insight into how scientists understand our world. They observe and chart the phases of the moon, determine the properties of insulators and conductors, and make a threedimensional model of a bone. Students will explore topics such as:
 Weather—air pressure, precipitation, clouds, humidity, fronts, and forecasting.
 Vertebrates—features of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.
 Ecosystems—climate zones; tundra, forests, desert, grasslands, freshwater, and marine ecosystems.
 Matter—phase changes, volume, mass, atoms, physical and chemical changes.
 Human Body—the musculoskeletal system, the skin.
 Energy—forms of energy, transfer of energy, conductors and insulators, renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.
 Light—light as energy, the spectrum, how the eye works.
 Astronomy—phases of the moon, eclipses, the solar system, stars and constellations, the Milky Way.
Materials
 Science Reader – Grade Three – Harcourt
 Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
 Directional compass
 Safety goggles
 Magnifying glass
 Advanced thermometer
 Clay (four colors)
 Grade Three Experimental Kit
Activities
Lesson 
Name of the Experiment 
Materials used 
What Are Some Types of Living things? 
Homes for Living Things 
picture cards, crayons or colored pencils, paper 
How Do Living Things grow and Change 
How Fast Do Seeds Grow? 
paper towels, 3 small zip top bags, water, tape , 3 kinds of seeds, ruler 
What Do Plants need to live? 
Needs of Plants 
3 small plants, sand , gravel, 3 paper cups potting soil, water 
How Do Plants make food? 
Light , plants action 
2 paper cups, potting soil, small plants, water 
How do living things survive in Ecosystems? 
How Insects hide 
Construction paper, ruler, crayons, scissors , tape, watch or clock 
How do plants and animals interact 
Checking Teeth 
Paper and pencil , mirror, picture cards 
What are Food chains 
Making a food chain 
5 index cards, marker, 4 pieces of string or yarn , tape. 
What are Minerals and Rocks 
Testing Minerals 
Safety goggles, minerals labeled A through G. 
What Are fossils? 
Make a model Fossil 
sea shell, petroleum jelly, modeling clay, small plastic bowl, white glue 
What are fossils? 
Fossil find 
Modeling clay , various small hard objects such as paper clips or coins 
What are land forms? 
Folds in the earth’s crust 
4 paper towels , water in a plastic cup 

Make a land form 
blocks of modeling clay of different colors 
What are some types of resources 
Mining resources 
oatmeal raisin cookie, paper plate, dropper, water, tooth pick 

Hunting for resources 
paper , pencil 
How do people use and impact the environment 
Pollution and plants 
3clear plastic cups, potting soil, grass or radish seeds, water, salt ,cooking oil, measuring cup 

Seeing Air Pollution 
white paper plate, petroleum jelly 
What is water cycle 
Disappearing act 
cup, water , marker 
What causes the Earth's seasons 
How sunlight strikes the earth 
clear tape, graph paper, large book, flashlight, meter stick, black& red marker, wooden block, 

Modeling motion 
a piece of yellow paper, a piece of blue paper 
What is matter? 
Measuring Volume 
metric measuring cup, water, 3 clear containers of different shapes, masking tape 
What are states of matter? 
Temperature and matter 
metric measuring cup, hot water, plastic jar or beaker, thermometer, 3 ice cubes, plastic spoon 
How Does Matter change 
Will it mix? 
Water, metric measuring cup, 2 clear plastic jars, measuring spoon, sand , plastic spoon , hand lens, salt 
What is energy? 
Observing temperature 
Thermometer , clock 

Energy in motion 
rubber ball, meter stick 
How can energy be used? 
The heat is on 
clear plastic cup, thermometer, ice cubes 
Why is energy important 
make a paper windmill 
white paper, scissors, ruler, pencil with eraser , pushpin 
What is heat? 
Getting warmer 
safety goggles, wooden , metal, plastic spoons, 3 plastic foam cups, ceramic , plastic, metal mugs with handles 
What is light? 
Where's the light 
Small object, flash light, poster board 
What is sound? 
Make a maraca 
Empty paper towel roll, stapler, masking tape, dried rice, dried bean 

Big ears 
paper 
Total Lessons : 132 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Four
Students develop scientific reasoning and perform handson experiments in Earth, Life, and Physical sciences. They construct an electromagnet, identify minerals according to their properties, use chromatography to separate liquids, and assemble food webs. Students will explore topics such as:
 The Interdependence of Life—producers, consumers, and decomposers; food webs.
 Plant and Animal Interactions—populations, competition, predators and prey, symbiosis, and animal behavior.
 Chemistry—mixtures versus solutions; distillation, evaporation, and chromatography.
 Forces and Fluids—pressure, forces in flight, density, and buoyancy.
 Human Body—the nervous system (senses, reflexes, nerves, brain) and the endocrine system (hormones, glands, growth, digestion).
 Invertebrates—sponges, worms, mollusks, arthropods, and echinoderms.
 Electricity and Magnetism—charges, magnets, static electricity, currents and circuits, and electromagnetism.
 Rocks and Minerals—earth’s interior, crystals, minerals, rock cycle, plate tectonics, volcanoes, and earthquakes.
 Weathering—erosion and deposition.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Science Reader – Grade Four – Harcourt
 Bar magnet (pair)
 Safety goggles
 Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
 Lamp bulb receptacles
 Lamp bulbs
 Magnifying glass
 Intermediate Rock and Mineral Kit
 Advanced thermometer
 Grade Four Science Experimental Kit
Additional Curriculum Items
Some lessons require additional resources, including common household items:
 Clay (four colors)
 Bare copper wire
 Gravel
 Adding machine paper
 Pipe cleaners
 Sand
 Seashell
 White tile
 Plastic aquarium tubing
NOTE: List subject to change.
Total Lessons : 132 Lesson Time : 40 minutes
Grade Five  Six
Students perform experiments, develop scientific reasoning, and recognize science in the world around them. They build a model of a watershed, test how cell membranes function, track a hurricane, and analyze the effects gravity. Students will explore topics such as:
 Water Resources—water pollution, conservation, aquifers, watersheds, and wetlands.
 The World’s Oceans—properties of ocean water, currents, waves, tides, the ocean floor, and marine organisms.
 Motion and Forces—types of pushes or pulls, position and speed, inertia, energy as a measure of work, gravity and motion.
 Chemistry—structure of atoms, elements and compounds, the periodic table, chemical reactions, acids and bases.
 Cells and Cell Processes—structure, membrane function, respiration and photosynthesis, growth cycles, genes and DNA.
 Animal Physiology—circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, and immune systems.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Alum
 Test tube
 Safety goggles
 Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
 Litmus paper
 30 Newton Spring Scale
 Advanced thermometer
Additional Curriculum Items
Some lessons require additional resources, including common household items:
 Marble in bag
 Clay (four colors)
 Potting soil
 Coarse gravel
 Pea gravel
 Coarse sand
 Fine sand
 Plastic box
 Tag board
NOTE: List subject to change.
Activities
Grade 5
Chapter 1:
 Find out about plant and animal cells.
 Explore the many different human body systems.
 Modeling Lungs
Chapter 2:
 See how scientists compare animals by looking at their structure and behavior
 Seed Colors in Corns
 Differences in Calico Cats
Chapter 3:
 Find out what all flowers have in common.
 Classifying Beans
 Grab and Group
 Classifying into Levels
 Root out the differences between plants
 How material flows through a plant?
Chapter 4:
 Discover what happens inside a cell during mitosis.
 Germinating Seeds
 Do all roots grow downward?
 Making Models
 Explore the many different human body systems.
 Decide what need an animal's adaptation fulfills.
Chapter 5:
 Find out more about photosynthesis.
 New paper from old paper
 Filtering Polluted Water
 Get definitions, pictures, and other information for more than 20 different landforms and featureseverything from atolls to waterfalls.
 Discover the plants, animals and interactions that occur in three different ecosystems.
 Begin to understand ecosystems by building three food webs.
Chapter 6:
 See what happens to the land after a volcano erupts.
 Get definitions, pictures, and other information for more than 20 different landforms and featureseverything from atolls to waterfalls.
 Discover the plants, animals and interactions that occur in three different ecosystems
Chapter 7:
 Discover how rocks change from one form to another.
 Earth’s Layers
 How Earth’s Plates Move
 Making Models
Chapter 8:
 Learn how wood becomes petrified and why it is so colorful.
 Making Waves
 The Scratch Test
Chapter 9 :
 Explore what determines the shape of a volcano.
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
Chapter 10 :
 Discover the causes of groundwater pollution and its effects
 See how recycling plants do their job.
Chapter 11 :
 Explore what causes local differences in the water cycle
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
Chapter 12 :
 Uncover features of the ocean floor.
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
Chapter 14 :
 Discover why carbon is so important in our lives
 Find out how much movement occurs in the same matter in different states
 Try your hand at separating different kinds of mixtures.
 Run an experiment to determine the melting point and boiling point of three different substances
Chapter 15 :
 Explore how hybrid cars work.
Chapter 16 :
 Look inside an electric motor to see how it works.
Chapter 18 :
 What makes a compass work?
 Pickup the correct amount of paper clips by creating an electromagnet with batteries and coils.
Chapter 19 :
 Discover what happens when a bat hits a ball.
 Explore how mass, force, and acceleration are related Help the robot find his missing parts.
Science Fair Projects:
 How do rivers die and what can be done to save them?
 How does recycling garbage work?
 How are Airplanes designed?
 Bactérie are everywhere !
 What factors are taken into account when designing a skyscraper?
 How windmills work?
Total Lessons : 112 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade 6
Chapter1
 The Amazing Human Body: Explore the many different human body systems.
 Inspect the cell to identify plants and animals.
Chapter2
 Examine some protests found in pond water.
 Examine some protests found in pond water.
 Begin to understand ecosystems by building three food webs.
Chapter3
 formation of single, aggregate, and multiple fruits
 how material flows through a plant
 Root out the differences between plants!
 Begin to understand ecosystems by building three food webs.
Chapter4
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
 Get definitions, pictures, and other information for more than 20 different landforms and featureseverything from atolls to waterfalls.
 Discover the plants, animals and interactions that occur in three different ecosystems.
 Using a classification key
 Making a spore Prints
 Germinating Activities:
 Do all roots grow downward?
Chapter5
 New paper from old paper
 Filtering Polluted Water
 Touchy Plants
 Comparing Cones and Fruits
 To inquire—parts of flower
Chapter6
 Comparing Climates
 To check Marble Diversity
Chapter7
 Discover how rocks change from one form to another.
 Earth’s Layers
 How Earth’s Plates Move
 Making Models
 Modeling glaciers
Chapter8
 Learn how wood becomes petrified and why it is so colorful.
 Making Waves
 The Scratch Test
Chapter9
 Explore what determines the shape of a volcano.
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
 Forming Crystals
 Instant Weathering
Chapter10
 Discover the causes of groundwater pollution and its effects
 See how recycling plants do their job.
Chapter11
 Explore what causes local differences in the water cycle
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
Chapter12
 Uncover features of the ocean floor.
 Where are the highest, the lowest, the hottest, and the coldest places on Earth? Find Out!
Chapter14
 Discover why carbon is so important in our lives
 Find out how much movement occurs in the same matter in different states
 Try your hand at separating different kinds of mixtures.
 Run an experiment to determine the melting point and boiling point of three different substances
Chapter15
 Explore how hybrid cars work.
Chapter16
 Look inside an electric motor to see how it works.
Chapter18
 What makes a compass work?
 Pickup the correct amount of paper clips by creating an electromagnet with batteries and coils.
Chapter19
 Discover what happens when a bat hits a ball.
 Explore how mass, force, and acceleration are related .Help the robot find his missing parts.
Science Fair Projects:
 What packing materials are better for food preservation?
 How is Hydro Power generated?
 Water purification methods (filtering/distillation)
 Global warming
 How clocks keep time?Water Clock
 Effects of water impurities in plant growth
 Plants need sunlight. Place plants in light and dark  see what happens.
 CloudsForming clouds in 30 seconds
 Plants need water  same idea as above, but don't water one plant, give other plants varying amounts of water. Take pics and see what happens.
Total Lessons : 112 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Seven – Eight
Earth Science
The Earth Science curriculum builds on the natural curiosity of students. By connecting them to the beauty of geological history, the amazing landforms around the globe, the nature of the sea and air, and the newest discoveries about our universe, it gives students an opportunity to relate to their everyday world. Students will explore topics such as:
 Fundamentals of geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy.
 Earth’s minerals and rocks.
 Earth’s interior.
 Plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, and the movements of continents.
 Geology and the fossil record.
 Oceans and the atmosphere.
 The solar system and the universe.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Wall Map Set (Science/History)
 Graduated cylinder, 250 mL
 Pipe cleaners
 Advanced Rock and Mineral Kit
 Diffraction grating film
 Stopwatch
 Latch magnet
 Safety glasses
 Magnifying glass
 Centimeter gram cubes
 Clay (four colors)
 Fine sand
 White tile
 Advanced thermometer
NOTE: List subject to change.
Life Science
The Life Science program invites students to investigate the world of living things—at levels both large and small—by reading, observing, and experimenting with aspects of life on earth. Students explore an amazing variety of organisms, the complex workings of the cell, the relationship between living things and their environments, and discoveries in the world of modern genetics. Practical, handson lesson activities help students discover how scientists investigate the living world. Students perform laboratory activities and a full unit investigation to learn about the application of scientific methods.
Students will study a variety of topics in biology, including:
 The chemical building blocks of life.
 Fundamentals of ecology and life’s environments.
 The biology of organisms from bacteria to mammals.
 The life processes of plants.
 The variety of cell structure and how cells perform the tasks necessary for life.
 Fundamentals of genetics.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Graduated cylinder (100 mL)
 Compound microscope
 Radish seeds
 Microscope slides (set of 12)
 Slide cover slips (set of 12)
 Transparencies (set of 12)
 Petri dishes
 Agar vials
 Green bean bush seeds
 Blue Fescue grass seeds
 Safety glasses
 Magnifying glass
 Advanced thermometer
NOTE: List subject to change.
Physical Science
The Physical Science program introduces students to many aspects of the physical world, focusing first on chemistry and then on physics. The course provides an overview of the physical world and gives students tools and concepts to think clearly about atoms, molecules, chemical reactions, motion, electricity, light, and other aspects of chemistry and physics.
Among other subjects, students study:
 Structure of atoms.
 Elements and the Periodic Table.
 Chemical reactions.
 Forces, including gravitational, motion, acceleration, and mass.
 Energy, including light, thermal, electricity, and magnetism.
Materials
Standard Curriculum Items
 Graduated cylinder, 250 mL
 Stopwatch
 10 Newton Spring Scale
 Digital scale
 Double pulley
 Metallic rod
 Metallic spring
 Muriatic acid
 Phenolphthalein
 Protective gloves (2 pair)
 D cell battery holder
 Cork stoppers
 Plastic Bottle, 500 ml.
 Enamel coated heavy gage copper wire
 Noninsulated copper wire
 Insulated copper wire strips (set of 5)
 Directional compass
 Bar magnet (pair)
 Plastic pipette
 Safety glasses
 Iron filings
 Lamp bulbs (set of 4)
 Lamp bulb receptacle (set of 2)
 Advanced thermometer
NOTE: List subject to change.
Books Used:
Unit C: Cells, Herdity and Classification – Holt Unit M: Forces, Motion , and Energy  Holt Unit K: Introduction to Matter  Holt
Unit D: Human Body systems and Health  Holt Unit L: Interactions of Matter  Holt
Unit N: Electricity and Magnetism Unit O: Sound and Light Unit E: Environmental Science
Activities: Grade 8
Activity 
Material Required 
Measure the rate at which finger nails grow. 
Graph Paper, Metric UER, Permanent Marker 
Muscles at Work 
Clock (watch), thermometer 
Carbon dioxide breath 
Calculator , Clock or stop watch, Erlenmeyer flask, 150ml
Eyedropper, Gloves, protective, Graduated cylinder 150ml,Paper towels, Phenol red indicator solution
Plastic drinking straw, Water, 100 ml

Stomach churns: chemical digestion in the stomach 
Beef stew meat, Eyedropper, Gloves, protective
Graduated cylinders 25ml,Hydrochloric acid, very dilute 0.1 m , Measuring spoon
Meat tenderizer commercially prepared containing papan, Tape, masking, Test tubes, Testtube marker
Testtube rack, Water 
A Hot and Cold Lab: measure and record time and temperature accurately 
Beaker, 250 ml 400ml ,Coffee ca, large ,Graduated cylinder, 10ml,Graphing paper, Hot plate, Ice, crushed
Rock salt, Stopwatch thermometer, Water
Wireloop stirring device

Flame tests: flame colors omitted by various compounds. 
Bunsen burner, Chloride test solutions, Hydrochloric acid,
Beaker, Spark igniter, Tape, masking, Test tubes, Wire and holder

Made of nuclei of certain isotopes 
Periodic table ,Plastic foam balls, blue m white, Toothpicks

Creating periodic table 
Bags of objects, balance, metric, meter stick, paper, graphing, paper

Finding the volumes of objects which have irregular shapes 
Graduated cylinder, Water, Various small objects
Bottle, plastic, Funnel, Pan, aluminum pie
Paper towels, water

Finding and confirming the relationship between the mass and volume of a substance 
Balance \ graduated cylinder , Towels 
Increase or decrease in temperature effects the volume of balloon 
Balloon, Beaker, Gloves, Hot plate, Ice water, Pan, aluminum ,Ruler, Water 
Detecting Acceleration 
Container with lid, Cork, plastic ball, Pushpin, Scissor
String, Water

Intertie Rama 
Egg, hard boiled, Raw eggs, Card, Coin, Cup, Mass, hanging meter stick, scissor 
Fluids, Force and Floating: to calculate buoyant force on an object 
Balance, Mass set, Ruler, Water 
Building a lung 
Bag, trash, small plastic , Balloon, top half, 2 L, Clay, Golfballsized piece, Rubber bands, Ruler, metric
Straw, plastic, Tape, transparent

Enzymes in Action 
Beef liver, Gloves, protection, Graduated cylinder (10ml)
Hydrogen per oxide fresh(4 m), Mortar and pestle (or fork and watch glass), Plate, small, Spatula, Test tube, Testtube rack, Tweezers, Water

To demonstrate: areas of skin that respond t certain stimuli 
Dissecting pin with a small piece of cork or small rubber stopper covering sharp end Eyedropper, plastic
Paper, graphing, Pens or markers, washable
Ruler, metric, Tap water, hot
Water, very cold

Physical and chemical changes 
Baking powder, Baking soda, Carton, egg, plastic foam
Cornstarch, Eyedroppers, Iodine solution
Spatulas , Stirring rod, Sugar, Vinegar, water

Total Lessons : 140 Lesson Time : 50 minutes
Grade Nine – Ten
Chemistry:
Chemistry is a broad science, embracing the concepts of creation of molecules and the manipulation of atoms and dealing with microscopic and macroscopic scales. It covers interactions with plants, animals and humans through agriculture, biology and medicine and with the physical world through electronics, new building materials and new sources of energy. It affects the people of our planet, protecting and preserving our health, ecology, culture and heritage. This course is an introduction to the world of chemistry.
The following book is required for this course:
HOLT CHEMISTRY by R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci; Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Publishers, 2008
Outline of the Chemistry Syllabus:
Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
 Section 1: What is Chemistry
 Section 2: Describing Matter
 Section 2: How is Matter Classified?
 LAB 1: Laboratory Techniques
 LAB1(a) : Conservation of Mass Percentage of Water in Popcorn
Ch11: States of Matter & Intermolecular Forces
 Sec1: States & States Changes
 Sec2: Intermolecular Forces
 Sec3: Energy of State Changes
 Sec4: Phase Equilibrium
 LAB 2: Wetting A surface
Ch12: Gases
 Sec1: Characteristics of Gases
 Sec2: The gas laws
 Sec3: Molecular Composition of gases
Ch13: Solutions
 Sec1: What is a solution?
 Sec2: Concentration & Molarity
 Sec3: Solubility & the Dissolving Process
 LAB: Supersaturation
 LAB 3: Paper Chromatography of colored markers
Ch 14: Chemical Equilibrium
 Sec1: Reversible Reaction & Equilibrium
 Sec2: Systems at Equilibrium
 Sec3: Equilibrium Systems & Stress
Ch 15: Acids & Bases
 Sec1: What are Acids & Bases?
 Sec2: Acidity, Basicity & pH
 Sec 3: Neutralization & Titrations
 LAB 4: Drip Drop Acid Base Experiment
 LAB5: Acid Base Titration of an Egg Shell
Ch 16: Reaction Rates
 Sec1: What Affects Rates of a reaction?
 Sec2: How can Reaction Rates be Explained?
Ch17: Oxidation, Reduction & Electrochemistry
 Sec1: Oxidation Reduction Reaction
 Sec2: Introduction to Electrochemistry
 Sec3: Galvanic Cells
 Sec4: Electrolytic Cells
 LAB 8 : Redox Titration
 LAB 9 : Redox Titration – Mining Feasibility Study
Physics:
This course is an introduction to the world of physics. Physics is found in every aspect of daily life; from our own existence to everything we see and touch, natural or manmade. Physics is an exciting intellectual adventure that inspires young people and expands the frontiers of our knowledge about Nature. Holt Physics generates fundamental knowledge needed for the future technological advances that will continue to drive the economic engines of the world.
The following book is required for this course:
HOLT Physics by Raymond A. Serwayn & Jerry S. Faughn Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Publishers, 2008
Outline of the Physics Syllabus:
Ch1: The Science of Physics
 Sec1: What is Physics?
 Sec2: Measurements in Experiments
 Sec3: The language of Physics
 LAB 1: Physics & Measurement
Ch 2: Heat
 Sec1: Temperature & Thermal Equilibrium
 Sec2: Defining Heat
 Sec3: Changes in Temperature & Phase
 LAB 2: Specific Heat Capacity
Ch3: Thermodynamics
 Sec1:Relationships between Heat & work
 Sec2: The First Law of Thermodynamics
 Sec3: The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Ch4: Vibrations & Waves
 Sec1: Simple Harmonic Motion
 Sec2: Measuring Simple Harmonic Motion
 Sec3: Properties of Waves
 Sec4: Wave Interactions
Ch5: Sound
 Sec1: Sound Waves
 Sec2: Sound Intensity & Resonance
 LAB 5: Speed of Sound
Ch6: Light & Reflection
 Sec1: Characteristics of Light
 Sec2: Flat Mirrors
 Sec3: Curved Mirrors
 Sec4: Color & Polarization
 LAB 6: Brightness of Light
Ch 7 : Refraction
 Sec1: Refraction
 Sec2: Thin Lenses
 Sec3: Optical Phenomena
 LAB 7: Converging Lenses
Ch 8: Interference & Diffraction
 Sec1: 1: Interference
 Sec2: Diffraction
 LAB 8: Diffraction
Biology
Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms. Advances in new technologies, such as recombinant DNA and genomics have made this varied discipline more exciting than ever. This course is an introduction to the world of biology. The students will learn and research the processes of life from complete organism functioning; through to the organization of cells into tissues and organs, and cellular and molecular interactions. The labs included in the course develop a range of important science skills in data collection, modeling and exploration. The following book is required for this course:
 Holt Biology, by RobDe Salle &Michael R. Heithaus ;Holt, Rinehart, and Winston Publishers,2008
Outline of the Biology Syllabus:
Ch.1: Biology & You
 Sec1: The Nature of Science
 Sec2: Scientific Method
 Sec3: Tools & Techniques
 LAB 1: SI UNITS
(Research Project) : Applications of Biology
Ch2: Classification
 Sec1: Importance of Classification
 Sec2: Modern Systematic
 Sec 3: Kingdoms & Domains
 LAB 2: Dichotomous Keys
Chp 3: Bacteria & Viruses
 Sec1: Bacteria
 Sec2: Viruses
 Sec3: Bacteria, Viruses & Humans
 LAB3: Bacterial Staining
Ch4: Protists
 Sec1: Characteristics of Protists
 Sec2: Groups of Protists
 Sec3: Protists & Humans
 LAB 4: Yeast & Fermentation
Ch5: Fungi
 Sec1: Characteristics of Fungi
 Sec2: Groups of Fungi
 Sec3: Fungi & Humans
 LAB5: Mushroom Dissection
Chp6: Plant Diversity & Life Cycles
 Sec1: Introduction to Plants
 Sec2: Seedless Plants
 Sec3: Seed Plants
 Sec4: Flowering Plants
 LAB 6: Plant Diversity
Chp7: Seed Plant Structure & growth
 Sec1: Plant Tissue Systems
 Sec2: Roots, Stems & leaves
 Sec3: Plant growth & development
 LAB 7: Monocot & Dicot Seeds
(Research Project) Mycorrhizae
Chp 8: Plant Processes
 Sec1: Nutrients & Transport
 Sec2: Plant Responses
 LAB 8: Cultivation Techniques
Chp9: Introduction to Animals
 Sec1: Characteristics of Animals
 Sec2: Animal Body Systems
 Sec3: Evolutionary Trends in Animals
 LAB9: Filtration rate of kidneys
Ch10: Simple Invertebrates
 Sec1: Sponges
 Sec2: cnidarians
 LAB 10: Body Symmetry & Coral Skeletons
(Research Project): Flat Worms & Round Worms
Ch 11: Mollusks & Annelids
 Sec1: Mollusks
 Sec2: Annelids
 LAB 11: Clam Characteristics
Ch 12: Arthropods & Echinoderms
 Sec1: Arthropods
 Sec2: Arachnids & Crustaceans
 Sec3: Insects
 Sec4: Echinoderms
 LAB 12: Cray fish Dissection
(Research Project): Mammals
Chp 13: Fishes & Amphibians
 Sec1: The Fish body
 Sec2: Modern Fishes
 Sec3: The Amphibian Body
 Sec4: Modern Amphibians
 LAB 13: Live Frog Observation
Ch14: Reptiles & Birds
 Sec1: The Reptile Body
 Sec2: Groups of Reptiles
 LAB14: Amniotic Eggs
 